GS Mains Paper 3

GS Mains Paper 3

GS Paper 3 Syllabus:

General Studies -III 250 Marks
(Technology, Economic Development,
Bio-diversity, Environment, Security
and Disaster Management)


General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management
• Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
• Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
• Government Budgeting.
• Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, - different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
• Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
• Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
• Land reforms in India.
• Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
• Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
• Investment models.
• Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
• Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
• Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
• Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
• Disaster and disaster management.
• Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
• Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
• Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money laundering and its prevention.
• Security challenges and their management in border areas - linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

• Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

How to Prepare GS Paper 3

Try to remember certain  facts and figures on various aspects of economy: contribution of Agriculture, industries, services in Indian GDP as well as  employment scenario. In  agriculture sector , what is the contribution of cereal , non-cereal  and cash crops in farmers income, what is average farmers income, NPA and bad loans etc. 
•    Use these facts and figure to justify your arguments.
•    Make  flow charts  and diagrams wherever possible in answering the questions. 
•     Committee and commission names and their recommendations are very significant. Hence keep an eye on such committees, note down their central points.
•    Economic survey read it carefully and remember some facts  and use its suggestions in answers. Keep visiting NITI website and read  new reports which might be useful for GS-3 like report on mobility, tackling air pollution in Delhi etc. These will add more creativity  to your answers.  magazines like Yojana and Kurukshetra is a must for this part, as they  entirely  focus on Agriculture and related topics.
•    Sendai framework document is very crucial for disaster management.
•    This topic is very broad  as it mentions about General Science and Technology, starting from theory  to applied part and its effects in daily life. It would be prudent to read about various contemporary developments  that have helped human lives, made it easier like Computers, Modern Machines, Solar Equipment, Mobile phones etc.
•     Questions asked from this part are of a dynamic nature, that is they are asked mostly keeping in mind the recent developments.  Mainly presentation of your ideas on paper is the key to qualify mains. 

1.    NCERT Class X – Understanding Economic Development 
2.    NCERT Class XI – Indian Economic Development
3.    NCERT Class XII – Macroeconomics )
4.    ET in The Classroom
Indian Economy for Civil Services Examinations – Ramesh Singh
1.    first Basics – GOVERNMENT BUDGETING
2.    NCERT Class XII – Macroeconomics (Chapter 5)
3.    The Budgetary Process
4.    2019-20 Budget Highlights
NCERT – Resources and Development  
State of India Agriculture report’ and Economic Survey.
Agriculture Marketing Reforms
1.    Public Distribution System – IGNOU Notes – 1
2.    Public Distribution System and Food Security – IGNOU Notes – 2

1.    Food Security Bill – The devil is in the detail – The Hindu
2.    The shaky geopolitics of India’s food security – The Hindu
 Food Security – NCERT source – Class IX Economics
report of Planning Commission-  Role of livestock in Indian Economy
 Land reforms – 1- IGNOU Notes 
Land Reforms – 2 – IGNOU Notes 
Infrastructure Investments – Planning Commission
Public-Private Partnership in Indian Infrastructure Development: Issues and Options – RBI
Science and technology - 
NCERT Class VI to X Science
India year book 
Science reporter
The Hindu newspaper
Environment  and Ecology 
Annual Report of the Environment Ministry 2012-13
 Yojana on Disaster Management
National Cyber Security Policy 2013  - 
Challenges To Internal Security Of India – Ashok kumar (IPS)

How to prepare GS Paper 3?

 GS Paper 3, which comprises of subjects under four headings mentioned below:

  1. Economy & Infrastructure
  2. Agriculture
  3. Science, Technology, Environment & Disaster Management
  4. Internal Security.

To prepare well for GS paper 3, first one needs to understand the syllabus and get familiar from all the major topics. This gives a proper knowledge and understanding as to what can be asked in the exam. clear all the basics of the subject and do a critical reading of all the important topics which were asked in previous year question papers.

Secondly solve mock test papers. Mock test papers play a vital part during preparation. Practice as many mock papers as much you can before the final exam. It is important to do so because mock papers give you stimulation similar to that of final paper. Once you attempt a mock paper you become more comfortable and confident during the final examination.

Thirdly have proper time management. Time management skill is also needed to complete the exam on time.. Also time management is important to avoid any last minute chaos and mistakes. When less time is left and there are more number of questions left to be answer then many a times a candidate marks a wrong answer even if he/she knows the correct answer.